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Keywords: drinking horn, Old Norse, sagas, Viking Age, material culture Received: Revised: Accepted: Reenacting the Middle Ages is a popular pastime in our modern world.
It is possible to find reenactment groups, markets, and craftsmen specialising in reproducing beautiful objects from the Middle Ages all over Europe and North America.
Zmiany tożsamości społecznej na progu chrześcijańskiego średniowiecza Leszek Gardeła Face Down: The Phenomenon of Prone Burial in Early Medieval Poland Odwróceni.
Fenomen pochówków na brzuchu w Polsce wczesnośredniowiecznej Tomasz Kurasiński Burials with Buckets in Early Medieval Poland: A Pagan or Christian Custom?
The Icelandic sagas were written down at least 200 years after the Viking Age.
During the 1950s two dissertations were written in Germany dealing exclusively with the archaeology of drinking horns (Gehrecke 1950; Müller 1955).
It is important to keep in mind that drinking horns are made of an organic material, horn, which decomposes in the ground fairly quickly 3.
Prominent drinking horns, such as the drinking horn pair from the Anglo-Saxon burial mound Sutton Hoo 1 (Bruce-Mitford ) which is now on display in the British Museum, are reconstructions based on the metal fittings, which are often the only archaeological evidence left of those horns.
2 An excellent overview of the archaeology of drinking horns can be found in Krauße (1996).
Drinking Horns in Old Norse Culture: A Tradition Under Examination 243 Despite the popularity of drinking horns today and their frequent association with the Viking Age according to our modern image of the Middle Ages, there is only a surprisingly small number of actual archaeological finds of horns which can be dated to the Viking Age.